The Definitive Guide to Negative Words in Spanish (2022)

Negative words in Spanish, and more specifically, negative sentences in Spanish don’t quite sound right in English.

What I mean is that when you translate a negative Spanish sentence word-for-word to English, you’ll end up with something that doesn’t make sense.

For starters, unlike English, double negatives in Spanish don’t make a positive. In fact, if one word is negative in a Spanish sentence we have to make all of the words negative.

Then, you’ll find that plural nouns almost never occur in negative Spanish sentences, such as ‘no problems’ or ‘no questions’.

And, to see how strange it can get, I’ll show you how the translation of the word ‘some’ in Spanish in phrases such as ‘some money’ or ‘some bread’ is quite different from English.

In this article, you’ll learn everything you need to know about negative sentences in Spanish including how to use Spanish negatives pairs, plurals, how to ask questions, and how you need to carefully deal with mass and count nouns.

The main affirmative and negative words in Spanish: A quick reference

When you think about negation in Spanish, you’ll first need to decide whether you need to use one of the Spanish words below.

If you need to use ‘something’, ‘somebody’, ‘some’, ‘any’, ‘always’, or ‘also’ in a Spanish sentence or the negative equivalent, you’ll need to work with one of the below Spanish negative pairs.

For each negative pair, there is apositive word in the left column withan associated negative word in the right column. You’ll have to flip between the words in each pair as you go between positive and negative sentencesin Spanish.

Y, oNi

But before we get to the detailed explanations, let’s next look at the general philosophy of forming negative sentences in Spanish.

Negative Sentences in Spanish: The general philosophy

If you don’t need one of the words in the previous section, negation in Spanish is quite straightforward.

If the idea is something simple like:

I don’t like cheese.

Then you can flip between a positive and negative version of the sentenceby simply adding a ‘no’ as follows:

English: I like cheese.
Español: Me gusta el queso.

English: I don’t like cheese.
Español: No me gusta el queso.

Moreover, if someone asks you a question, and your response is negative you’ll need to use the word ‘no’ twice. The first time to answer the question, and the second time to negate the verb. This is because the Spanish language doesn’t have an equivalent of ‘don’t’. So, for example:

English: Do you like cheese?
Español: ¿Te gusta el queso?

English: No, I don’t like cheese.
Español: No, no me gusta el queso.

In contrast, if the sentence involves one of the words in the previous sentence, such as:

I don’t want any cheese.

Then now the translation get’s a little more challenging.

In order to translate this sentence, the first big concept you have to understand is when one word is negative, all of the negative pairs need to be there too.

For example:

He doesn’t want to speak to anybody ever.

In this sentence, both‘ever’ and ‘anybody’ need to be in negative form in the Spanish version of this sentence. So the translation is:

No quiere hablar con nadie nunca.

Notice, you need to say nunca and nadie, which would make this sentence sound like ‘he doesn’t want to speak with nobody never’. Despite this sounding strange to an English native’s ear, it is perfectly natural in Spanish.

At this point, I’m going to move onto the first negative pair, but note that I will return to ‘I don’t want any cheese’ later. You firstly need to read about alguno and then learn how it contrasts to algo de.

But, first, let’s start with siempre and nunca.

Negative pair 1: Siempre y nunca

Probably the easiest negative pair to translate between English and Spanish is siempre(always) and nunca (never).

To start, you can use siempre to talk about what someone routinely does:

English: My father always eats at 6 pm.
Español: Mi padre siempre come a las seis.

English: Alba always studies at night.
Español: Alba estudia siempre por la noche.

In the negative sense, you can use nuncato describe something that never happens:

English: I never go to the movies.
Español: Nunca voy al cine.

(Video) DIRECT & INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS in Spanish: ALL you need to know – me, te, lo, la, nos, los...

And remember that double negatives are the norm in Spanish, so this last example could also be:

No voy nunca al cine.

You can also use the word casi (almost)to describe something that almost never happens:

English: She almost never watches television.
Español: Ella casi nunca ve la televisión.

In addition, you can also use nunca outside of routine. You can use it to talk about something that has never happened:

English: I have never been to Spain.
Español: Nunca he estado en España.

Before moving on, note that siempre and nunca can go before or after the verb, or at the start or end of the sentence.

And, if you use nuncaat the start of a negativesentence, you shouldreplace the ‘no’ with nuncaas in the example above ‘nunca voy al cine‘.

Negative pair 2: Alguien y nadie

Once you have absorbed the idea that double negatives are perfectly fine in Spanish, the negative pair of alguien(someone) and nadie(nobody / no one) is probably the next easiest pair to translate between English and Spanish.

To start with the positive case, when the subject of a sentence is ‘someone’, you can simply use alguienas follows:

English: I think someone is calling me.
Español: Creo que alguien me llama.

English: There is someone over there that can help you.
Español: Hay alguien por ahí que te puede ayudar.

In addition, you should always ask questions in the positive sense:

English: Is there someone there?
Español: ¿Hay alguien ahí?

English: Does someone know English?
Español: ¿Alguien sabe inglés?

Next, when you want to say there isn’t anybody, or there is no one (or nobody), then the Spanish sentence needs to look as follows:

English: There is nobody here.
English: There isn’t anybody here.
Español: No hay nadie aquí.

Note the two options in English. I will continue for the rest of the article showing both English options and their negative Spanish equivalent.

You also may want to ask a question where the word ‘someone’ is the object of the sentence (as opposed tothe examples above where it was the subject):

English: Have you seen anybody?
Español: ¿Has visto a alguien?

English: No, I haven’t seen anybody.
English: No, I have seen no one.
Español: No, no he visto a nadie.

Notice you need touse the preposition ‘a’ when the object of the sentence is a person. You can listen tothis podcast to learn more about the preposition ‘a‘.

Negative pair 3: Algo y nada

After the first two negative pairs, the remaining pairs tend to be more nuanced and difficult to translate. This is particularly true for algo and nada.

But first, let’s start with the simplest case: thedirecttranslation of something and nothing.

For example:

English: I have something in my hand.
Español: Tengo algo en la mano.

Or in the negative case:

English: I haven’t got anything in my hand.
English: I’ve got nothing in my hand.
Español: No tengo nada en la mano.

Again, when you ask a question it is positive:

English: Did you say something?
Español: ¿Has dicho algo?

And in response:

English: No, I didn’t say anything.
English: No, I said nothing.
Español: No, no he dicho nada.

But, as in the case with nadie above, when nada is the subject of the sentence you don’tneed to include a ‘no’. For example:

English: Nothing is impossible.
Español: Nada es imposible.

But you can also say:

No es imposible nada.

(Video) The Definitive Guide to Indirect Object Pronouns in Spanish [+ Real Examples from Snow White]

Here, although this sounds strange to an English native, the nada is still the subject of the sentence but because it comes later in the sentence you need the ‘no’ to makethe verb negative.

The next thing you need to know with algo and nada is thatyou may have to use them instead of the next negative pair when considering count and mass nouns.

But, before we get to the details,let’s introducealguno and ninguno.

Negative pair 4: Alguno y ninguno

The first thing you need to consider with alguno and ninguno, is that they act asadjectives or as pronouns.

This means they need to agree in gender and number with the noun they modify or represent.

Here are your options:

Before a male nounAlgúnNingún
Replace a male nounAlgunoNinguno
Female nounAlgunaNinguna
Male pluralAlgunosNingunos
Female pluralAlgunasNingunas

In addition, you’ll also need to knowthat if you use one of the above words in a Spanish sentence, you can only use them with count nouns.

So what is a count noun?

Simply, a count noun is a noun that can be counted. This includes things like people, places, ideas, questions, apples, or buildings.

If it sounds strange to say “There are 2 and ½ people here” or “I have 1 and ½ questions”, then you have a count noun, and you can use alguno and ninguno with the noun.

For example, starting with the positive case:

English: There are some things in the car.
Español: Hay algunas cosas en el coche.

English: Someday, I’m going to move to Spain.
Español: Algún día, me voy a mudar a España.

English: I haven’t spoken with all of the students in the class, only some.
Español: No he hablado con todos los estudiantes de la clase, sólo algunos.

Notice, in the last example, the first part of the sentence starts in the negative but finishes with the positive case. This example is a slight exception to the usual double negative rule because it is a positive idea (I have spoken with some of the students, just not all).

For the negative case of the last example you could say:

English: I haven’t spoken with any of the students in the class.
English: I have spoken with none of the students in the class.
Español: No he hablado con ninguno de los estudiantes de la clase.

Another important ideayou need to consider is that ninguno is rarely found in plural form.

In other words, you won’t find a plural of a negative idea. You can think of ninguno in English as ‘none’ or ‘not even one’.

While writing this article I struggled to find an exception but there was one that you can consider:

English: I don’t have any desire to see him.
English: I have no desire to see him.
Español: No tengo ningunas ganas de verlo.

The reason you say ‘ningunas’ in plural in this example is to match ‘ganas’ in the expression ‘tener ganas de’, where ‘ganas‘ is alwaysin plural form.

Similarly, in relation to plurals with this negative pair, if you are asking a question and you don’t know whether the answer will be a quantity of zero, one, or multiple, you should ask the question in singular.

For example:

English: Are there any questions?
Español: ¿Hay alguna pregunta?

And if the answer is there are ‘no’ questions or there are ‘none’, you would answer:

English: There aren’t any questions.
English: There are no questions.
Español: No hay ninguna pregunta.

Despite the fact that we say ‘there are no questions’ in plural in English, in Spanish, and perhaps more logically, you say there are none (ninguna) in singular.

Alguno vs algo de, ninguno vs nada de

Following on from the earlier pointabout count and mass nouns, we need to talk about an important choice you have to make with alguno and algo de, or ninguno and nada de.

I mentioned earlier that you must use alguno and ninguno with count nouns—chairs, pens, or mobile phones.

But, if you run into a mass noun, you can no longer use alguno or ninguno.

Again, put simply, mass nouns are nouns that can’t be counted. These include things like: bread, cheese, milk, water, or money.

Just like English, in Spanish, you can’t say ‘two money’ or ‘two moneys’ or ‘two milks’. You say ‘more milk’ or ‘less milk’, or ‘some milk’.

And, when you find yourself wanting to say ‘some bread’ or ‘some money’, the temptation might be to go foralguno but instead, you need to say ‘algo de’.

For example:

English: There is some bread on the table.
Español: Hay algo de pan en la mesa.

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English: We don’t have any milk left.
English: We have no milk left.
Español: No nos queda nada de leche.

If you wanted to aska question with a mass noun, you could ask (again in positive):

English: Do you have any money?
Español: ¿Tienes algo de dinero?

In the negative, you can respond with either of the following answers:

English: No, I don’t have any money.
English: No, I have no money.
Español: No, no tengo nada de dinero.

English: I don’t have any.
English: I have none.
Español: No tengo nada.

And, in the positive, you can respond with eitherof the following:

English: Yes, I have some money.
Español: Sí, tengo algo de dinero.

English: Yes, I have some.
Español: Sí, tengo algo.

I know this is challenging, the key here is to put it into practice as soon and as often as you can.

Negative pair 5: Y, o, ni

Instead of a negative pair, this category might make more sense if you consider it to be a negative trio consisting of ‘y’, ‘o’ and ‘ni’.

Moreover, sometimes ‘ni’ (neither, nor) will be the negative equivalent ‘y’ (and), and sometimes ‘o’ (or).

For example, if someone asked you this:

English: Do you prefer coffee or tea?
Español: ¿Prefieres café o té?

And you didn’t like either, you could say:

English: I don’t like coffee or tea.
English: I like neither coffee nor tea.
Español: No me gustan (ni) el café ni el té.

Here you can see that ni is used in the negative response to an ‘or’ question. I have also put the first ni in brackets as it is completely optional in this sentence.

In contrast, a positive example with ‘y’ could be:

English: Rocío, Alex and Luis want to go to the park.
Español: Rocío, Alex y Luis quieren ir al parque.

The negative equivalent would be:

English: Rocío, Alex, and Luis don’t want to go to the park.
English: Neither Rocío nor Alex nor Luis want to go to the park.
Español: Ni Rocío ni Alex ni Luis quieren ir al parque.

Notice here that, like the example above with nuncaat the start of the sentence, a ‘no’ is not required to negate the sentence because niis there instead.

Negative pair 6: También y tampoco

In general, también(also, too) and tampoco(neither) don’t cause too many headaches for Spanish students. But, there is one trick you need to be careful with around verbs like gustar.

Firstly, the normal positive situation is as follows, if someone says:

English: I want a glass of water.
Español: Quiero un vaso de agua.

If you, too, wanted a glass of water, you could say:

English: Me too.
Español: Yo también.


English: I want a glass of water as well.
Español: Quiero un vaso de agua también.

In the negative case, if someone says:

English: I don’t remember her name.
Español: No recuerdo su nombre.

If you also didn’t remember her name, you could say:

English: Me neither.
Español: Yo tampoco.


English: I don’t remember her name either.
English: Neither do Iremember her name.
Español: No recuerdo su nombre tampoco.

Let’s look at the tricky casein the next section.

(Video) Indefinite and negative words- Spanish

Yo también vs a mi también, yo tampoco vs a mi tampoco

Now for the situation where you use a verb like gustar.

Consider the following positive sentence:

English: The topic is very interesting to me.
Español: Me interesa mucho el tema.

If you are also interested in the topic, you should say:

English: Me too.
Español: A mi también.

Here you need ‘a mi‘ because the construction of sentences with verbs like gustar calls for it.

When you use a verb like gustar, you are really saying:

English: To me it interests.
Español: A mi me interesa.

So when you agree with the idea, you keep the ‘a mi‘ and swap out the rest of the sentencefor también:

English: Me too.
Español: A mi también.


English: It interests me too.
Español: A mi me interesa también.

In the negative case, someone could say:

English: I don’t like vegetables.
Español: No me gustan las verduras.

If you agree, then you should say:

English: Me neither.
Español: A mi tampoco.


English: I don’t like vegetables either.
English: Neither do I like vegetables.
Español: A mi no me gustan las verdurastampoco.

How to think about con and sin

Before concluding this guide, let’s discussone last idea that could cause confusion around this topic.

Is con and sin a negative pair?

You might be tempted to think of sin as the negative version of con. But, these two words are best thought of as two distinct and almost unrelated concepts.

You can use con to describe a combination or addition of items, whereas you should use sin when you want to describe the removal of an item from a place where it may normally be.

For example,

English: I want a soft drink without ice.
Español: Quiero un refresco sin hielo.

English: I prefer paella without seafood.
Español: Prefiero paella sin marisco.

Both of these sentences are positive and work perfectly well with sin (which could be thought of as the negative word).

If you were only to use conin positive sentences, you wouldn’t be able to order a soft drink without ice or paella without seafood.

Another example,

English: He doesn’t want to speak with anybody.
English: He wants to speak with noone.
Español: Él no quiere hablar con nadie.

Here, if you were to change con to sin, the idea of ‘not wanting to speak without anybody’ results in a nonsensical sentence.

So, again, it’s important to think of con and sin as separate words that can each appear in both positive and negative sentences.

Your turn

Negation in Spanish is a big topic.

And, a lotof the structures for negative Spanish sentences don’t translate well to English.

So, my challenge to you is to ask yourself this question: “How can I remember this?”

How can you take the knowledge from this articleand put it in your long-term memory? What can you do to help it stick? And what works best for you when it comes to memorising new Spanish theory?

And, lastly, after reading this, how else can you form sentences using affirmative and negative words in Spanish?

(Video) Indefinite and negative words


How do you answer a negative question in Spanish? ›

The positive answer would be "Sí, tengo." and the negative one "No tengo."

How do you form negatives in Spanish? ›

The most basic way to make a sentence negative in Spanish is to place a “no” before the verb and after the subject. Following this very simple rule, you can start using basic negation in your conversations: Subject + No + Verb.

What's the opposite of alguien? ›

Nadie. The opposite of alguien, nadie is used exclusively to refer to people.

What is the biggest difference between making a negative statement in English and in Spanish? ›

One of the main differences between English and Spanish negative sentences is that the Spanish create a simple negative sentence by placing no in front of the conjugated verb.

How do you respond to Ca va negatively? ›

-> Pas mal. -> Comme si, comme ça. (so-so) -> Pas (très) bien. -> Non, rien ne va pas.

What are negatives examples? ›

In English, some the negatives are: no, not, none, nobody, nothing, nowhere, never, neither, nor, hardly, rarely, seldom. Contractions that contain not are also negatives, such as don't, can't, won't, and haven't.

What is a negative form example? ›

Sentence: Jamilee went to the grocery store. Negative: Jamilee never went to the grocery store. Sentence: Gina laughed when she saw the huge pile of laundry. Negative: Gina did not laugh when she saw the huge pile of laundry.

What Spanyol means? ›

Adjective. spanyol (not comparable) Spanish (of or pertaining to Spain, its people or culture)

What is the opposite of Nada? ›

What is the opposite of Nada? Nadie. What is the opposite of Alguien? Alguien.

What is the opposite of Buenos? ›

Spanish antonyms work in the exact same way: bueno is the antonym of malo, just as malo is the antonym of bueno.

What Spanish words do not translate questions? ›

The words “do” or “does,” however, do not translate in a Spanish question because Spanish does not use helping verbs to create questions; it simply switches the subject and the main verb.

Is Spanish more literal than English? ›

This is because Spanish is often more detailed and expressive and sometimes uses more words to describe something that English would probably sum up in just one word. For this reason, a literal translation will often result in a document that might sound strange in English due to the repetition of words and ideas.

Is English or Spanish harder to learn? ›

Social media informalIy tells me there's an overwhelming consensus: English is WAY harder for Spanish-speakers to learn.

What does Ca va tres bien? ›

It's going very well. I'm very good. it's going very well.

How do you reply to Bonjour ca va? ›

So to say “hello, how are you?” in French, simply say bonjour, ça va? or salut, ça va? If someone says this to you, you can respond with ça va bien (“it's going well”) or tout va bien (“everything's going well”). In Quebec, you'll often hear “not bad” as the response: pas pire, which literally means “no worse”.

What is the meaning of Ca va bien et toi? ›

“Ca Va” can be seen as everything alright? You can reply it with, Ca va bien, et toi? Which means I am fine and you? And for how you' re doing in French, you can say, Comment Ca Va?

Is 10 minute Spanish free? ›

Access to the 10-Minute Spanish application is offered on a subscription basis. In order to use the app's services, you will need to subscribe to any of the available plans. If you choose to subscribe, the payment will be charged to your iTunes Account at confirmation of purchase.

What are 3 Spanish borrowed words? ›

  • Breeze. Spanish word: Brisa. ...
  • Ranch. Spanish word: Rancho. ...
  • Guerrilla. Spanish word: Guerrilla. ...
  • Patio. Spanish word: Patio. ...
  • Stampede. Spanish word: Estampida. ...
  • Macho. Spanish word: Macho. ...
  • Cockroach. Spanish word: Cucaracha. ...
  • Avocado. Spanish word: Aguacate.
24 Jan 2022

What are a list of negative words? ›

Share this page:
  • abysmal. adverse. alarming. angry. annoy. anxious. ...
  • bad. banal. barbed. belligerent. bemoan. beneath. ...
  • callous. can't. clumsy. coarse. cold. cold-hearted. ...
  • damage. damaging. dastardly. dead. decaying. deformed. ...
  • enraged. eroding. evil.
  • fail. faulty. fear. feeble. fight. ...
  • gawky. ghastly. grave. greed. grim. ...
  • haggard. hard. hard-hearted. harmful. hate.

How do you start a negative sentence? ›

A negative sentence is a sentence that states that something is false. In English, we create negative sentences by adding the word 'not' after the auxiliary, or helping, verb.

What are the four rules of negatives? ›

A negative number is written with a minus sign in front. The four operations are addition (+), subtraction (–), multiplication (×) and division (÷). When adding and subtracting negative numbers, it may help to have a number line.

Is however a negative word? ›

Unlike "however", which is based on a positive-to-negative ordering of information, "nevertheless" and "nonetheless" require an opposite ordering of information, negative-to-positive.

Is there a word for no negative? ›

Without has a negative meaning.

What is a simple negative sentence? ›

I do not like it. You do not like that. We do not like green tea. He does not like work.

What is the rule for using negatives in sentences? ›

Most often, a negative sentence is formed simply by the addition of 'not' to the verb in the sentence.

What are two negatives in a sentence? ›

A double negative is a statement which contains two negative words. If two negatives are used in one sentence, the opposite meaning may be conveyed. In many British, American, and other dialects, two or more negatives can be used with a single negative meaning.

What does chancy mean in slang? ›

chancy in British English

or chancey (ˈtʃɑːnsɪ ) adjectiveWord forms: chancier or chanciest. informal. of uncertain outcome or temperament; risky.

What does TMB mean Spanish? ›

Again, the por is replaced with an x.) tb = también (also see tmb and tmbn – “also“ or “too“, similar to the English abbreviation 2 as in “me 2“)

What does Saco mean in Spanish slang? ›

saco! (Brazil informal) damn!

What is the opposite of Merci? ›

Merciless is the antonym, or opposite, of "merciful." If a person shows no mercy or pity, she is merciless.

Is Nada slang for nothing? ›

Nada is a loanword from the Spanish language and directly translates to “nothing.” When you string zip and zilch together with it, you get zip, zilch, nada! This is a phrase that sounds intense when used: “I want nothing to do with you! Zip, zilch, nada!”

Can I say de nada? ›

To be perfectly clear, there's nothing wrong with saying de nada in most situations. You can use it with your friends or with your boss, regardless if you are in a formal or informal setting.

What is the opposite Guapo? ›

Guapo refers to the Spanish adjective meaning handsome or good-looking. As a Spanish word, it has no antonyms in English, but one could use the Spanish antonym "feo."

Can Bueno mean okay? ›

Bueno can be used as an interjection meaning, "OK," "sure" or "fine," as in agreeing with someone or something.

What is the opposite of Mucho? ›

Opposites In Spanish: Spanish Vocabulary Words
SpanishEnglishEnglish (Opposite)
muchoa lot, muchsmall (amount)
inicio, al principiostartend
correcto, buenorightwrong
98 more rows

What is the hardest Spanish word to say? ›

Tricks to Tackle the Top 10 Hardest Spanish Words to Pronounce
  • Impermeabilizante (Waterproof)
  • Ferrocarril (Railroad)
  • Desarrolladores (Developers)
  • Difícil, Fácil (Difficult, Easy)
  • Actualmente, Desafortunadamente, Probablemente (Currently, Unfortunately, Probably)
  • Verde, Tarde (Green, Afternoon)
  • Estadística (Statistics)
29 Aug 2022

What is the hardest word to speak in Spanish? ›

Here are ten words that are some of the hardest to pronounce in Spanish.
  • Desarrolladores (developers) ...
  • "Difícil" (difficult) and "Fácil" (easy). ...
  • Probablemente (probably) ...
  • Desafortunadamente (unfortunately) ...
  • Estadísticas (statistics) ...
  • Huevos revueltos (scrambled eggs) ...
  • Idea (idea) ...
  • Aeropuerto (airport)
10 Oct 2021

What is the hardest word to translate? ›

Interestingly, the hardest word in the world to translate is Ilunga. This word belongs to the Luba-Kasai or Tshiluba language, which is spoken by more than 6 million speakers in the Democratic Republic of Congo. So, what does Ilunga mean?

Who speaks the most correct Spanish? ›

Two countries which are recognized for a clearly spoken, standardized accent are Colombia and Costa Rica; while there are indigenous languages spoken by some citizens, the primary language is Spanish.

Which language is richer Spanish or English? ›

Steven Frank, the author of The Pen Commandments claims that English has 500,000 words with German having about 135,000 and French having fewer than 100,000.
Counting the Words in the Dictionary.
LanguageWords in the Dictionary
3 more rows
7 Mar 2018

What language is English closest too? ›

The closest language to English is one called Frisian, which is a Germanic language spoken by a small population of about 480,000 people. There are three separate dialects of the language, and it's only spoken at the southern fringes of the North Sea in the Netherlands and Germany.

What is the #1 spoken language in the world? ›

1. English (1,132 million speakers) According to Ethnologue, English is the largest language in the world for both native and non-native speaker.

Why do Spanish people speak so fast? ›

A Spanish speaker would almost always link the vowel sounds and pronounce the whole thing as a single word: Todoestoestaquí (To-does-toes-ta-quí). This is another factor that makes Spanish seem faster than English.

How fast can you become fluent in Spanish? ›

Based on US Foreign Service Institute (FSI) research, if you start out as a beginner and spend an average of one hour per day working actively on Spanish—such as with a teacher or conversation partner, as well as doing homework—then it can take 480 hours to reach conversational fluency.

When answering questions in the negative in Spanish how many No's Do You Need? ›

This example also shows that no comes before a direct or indirect object pronoun and that, when answering questions, it's normal to respond with two nos: ¿Te gusta nadar? (Do you like to swim?) No, no me gusta nadar. (No, I do not like to swim.)

How do you do positive and negative commands in Spanish? ›

Formal Affirmative Commands

As with the informal negative commands, all you need to do is switch the vowels. For -ar verbs, the process is simple. Cut off the infinitive -ar ending and add to the stem the third person present indicative tense -e ending for the -ir and –er verbs. For plural commands, add -en.

How do you form a negative imperative in Spanish? ›

For informal negative imperatives, take the 1st person singular (hablo), drop the –o (habl-), add the opposite vowel (hable), and add an –s (hables). *Note; Formal Usted is the same form in both affirmative and negative.

How do you answer a negative question tag? ›

We can reply to tag questions either with simple yes/no answers (negative tags normally expect a yes answer and positive tags normally expect a no answer) or by using yes/no + auxiliary verb. In these examples, use a rising intonation in the tag.

How many no's to get a yes? ›

92% of salespeople give up after four “no's”, but 80% of prospects say “no” four times before they say “yes”.

Is De nada no problem? ›

De nada. Sometimes, we use the expression “no problem” in Spanish to mean “you're welcome.” Just say: de nada. This is the most common way of replying after anyone says ¡gracias!

What are the 4 irregular negative commands? ›

As always, there are a few irregulars in the tú negative command form:
  • S – ser  No seas.
  • I – ir  No vayas.
  • D – dar  No des.
  • E – estar  No estés.
  • S – saber  No sepas.

What is the rule for negative tu commands? ›

To create a negative tú command, remember this mantra: form of yo, drop the – o, add the opposite ending. Adding the opposite ending means if a verb has an infinitive that ends in – ar, the present tense tú ending for an – er/– ir verb is used to create the negative tú command.

What is a formal negative command in Spanish? ›

Formal negative commands (usted & ustedes) are used when addressing people in a formal manner or to be polite. When you do not know well a person or when you are talking to people older than you, you should use a formal command. By using the formal command, you express respect for that person.

What are 5 examples of imperative? ›

Examples of Imperative Sentence
  • Bring me a glass of water.
  • Don't ever touch my phone.
  • Give me a pen and a pencil.
  • Play with intensity and courage.
  • Remember me when we are parted.
  • Never forget the person who loves you.
  • Take a step and don't move.
  • Don't be excited about everything without reason.

How do you write a negative imperative sentence? ›

To make a negative imperative, put “do not” or “don't” before the verb: “Don't go!” “Do not walk on the grass.”

What is the word that every negative command sentence in Spanish will always have? ›

The good news is that Spanish negative commands use the exact same forms. Simply precede the subjunctive form of the verb with “no” and you have a negative command.

How do you answer a negative yes or no question? ›

When answering negative yes-no questions, the answer is exactly the same as for positive yes-no questions. We answer “no” when the answer is negative, and “yes” when the answer is positive.

What is a tag question Give 5 examples? ›

A tag question is a small question that is attached , or "tagged", to the end of a sentence. Rather than repeat the main verb, a form of "be" or other auxiliary verb or modal is used in the tag. Below are a few examples. You came by train, didn't you? It's very windy today, isn't it?

What is a negative wording question? ›

Negative questions or items are those items in a scale that differ in direction from most other items in that scale. Negative-wording questions, or negatively keying an item, is typically accomplished by negating an item thought to measure a construct of interest.


1. Un/Una vs Algún/Alguna: Indefinite Articles & Adjectives in Spanish
(Learn Spanish with
2. Lesson 2 SER Present Simple Affirmative, Negative and Questions in Spanish
(Spanish 767)
3. Spanish Question Words: Everything You Need to Know About Interrogative Pronouns
4. Spanish GCSE 9-1 Topics: Last-minute Grammar revision 2019
(The EverLearner)
5. All the basics of Spanish grammar - part 2 | Spanish grammar for beginners
(Language Nerd)
6. The Definitive Book of Body Language ► Book Summary
(One Percent Better)

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